weights and measures

weights and measures
The law [[➝ Law]] in OT times demanded honest weights and measures (Lev. 19:35 f.), though this was not always observed (Amos 8:4–5). There was no unified system covering the whole country. Metals were weighed in talents; one was divisible into 60 minas of 60 shekels each, but the weight of a shekel varied.
Height and length were measured in the OT in cubits; dry capacity in homers, which could be loaded on a donkey, or ephahs, containers which could hold a person (Zech. 5:7). Liquids were measured by a bath (72 litres) and a hin (1/6 of a bath).
In the NT talents are mentioned in the parable [[➝ parables]] in Matt. 18:23 ff. A talent weighed perhaps 36 kg. or a hundredweight (Rev. 16:21); a pound (John 12:3) was the Roman libra—about 317 g. or 12 ounces.
Distance and length and height in the NT are measured in terms of cubits (Matt. 6:27, AV, NRSV marg.), and a boat ‘two hundred cubits from the shore’ (John 21:8, AV, NRSV marg.) would have been about half a stadion or 91.4 m. (100 yards) away (REB, NJB). The ‘mile’ of the Sermon on the Mount (Matt. 5:41) would have been the Roman mile of 5,000 Roman feet (1,480 m. or 1,618 yards). Capacity is measured in the NT by Roman measures, so that a ‘firkin’ (AV, RV, John 2:6) would have been from 91 to 136 litres or about 20 to 30 gallons (NRSV, REB, NJB).

Dictionary of the Bible.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • weights and measures — A comprehensive legal term for uniform standards ascribed to the quantity, capacity, volume, or dimensions of anything. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. weights and measures …   Law dictionary

  • WEIGHTS AND MEASURES — From the earliest period of their history the Jews were alive to the necessity of an accurate system of weights and measures, and an honest handling of them. The first legislation in the interest of economic righteousness in general is found in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • weights and measures —    Mercantile activities, including buying and selling; money exchanging; and trade, both local and foreign, as well as reckoning the sizes of land parcels and erecting large buildings, necessitated the development of standards of weights and… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • WEIGHTS AND MEASURES —    While there is considerable evidence for weights from diverse historical periods in the form of weight stones of various shapes, other measuring standards have to be deducted from architectural remains and the written evidence. Most cities had …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Weights and Measures — Exponents immediately follow the ^ symbol throughout this appendix. Mathematical Power Name 10^18 or 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 one quintillion 10^15 or 1,000,000,000,000,000 one quadrillion 10^12 or 1,000,000,000,000 one trillion 10^9 or… …   Universalium

  • Weights and Measures Act (R.S. 1985) — is a Canadian law governing the units of measurements used in Canada.Originally passed in 1970 as part of the federal government s plan for metrication of Canada from Imperial measures, it was stopped in 1985 and changes were made to the Act. The …   Wikipedia

  • Weights and Measures Act — A Weights and Measures Act is an Act of Parliament determining trade law where the weight or size of the goods being traded are important. For example, if a bottle of milk is for sale and has a label saying it contains one pint, then the law… …   Wikipedia

  • Weights and Measures (album) — Infobox Album | Name = Weights and Measures Type = Album Artist = Spirit of the West Released = 1997 Recorded = 1997 Genre = Folk rock Length = 43:56 Label = Warner Music Canada Producer = Michael Phillip Wojewoda and Spirit of the West Reviews …   Wikipedia

  • weights and measures — noun The science and regulation of standards for the quantification of size, weight, temperature, etc …   Wiktionary

  • National Conference on Weights and Measures — The National Conference on Weights and Measures (NCWM) is a not for profit corporation dedicated to developing and regulating the United States technical standards for weights and measures. The organization s official mission is to advance a… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”